On this page:
- Checking your blood sugar, also called blood glucose, is an important part of diabetes care. This tip sheet tells you
- Why do I need to know my blood sugar numbers?
- How is blood sugar measured?
- How do I check my blood sugar?
- What are target blood sugar levels for people with diabetes?
- How often should I check my blood sugar?
- What should I do if my blood sugar gets too high?
- What should I do if my blood sugar gets too low?
- What do I need to know about the A1C test?
- What is a good A1C goal for me?
- How often do I need an A1C test?
- How do I pay for these tests and supplies?
- What if I have trouble getting to my blood sugar goals?
- John''s Story
At each visit, John and his health care team look at his A1C test results, his blood glucose meter and his blood sugar record to see if his treatment is working. At today’s visit, John’s A1C and blood sugar numbers are too high. John and his health care team talk about what he can do to get closer to his A1C and blood sugar goals. John decides he will be more active. He will:
- increase his walking time to 30 minutes every day after dinner.
- check his fasting blood sugar in the morning to see if being more active improves his blood sugar.
- call his doctor in 1 month for a change in medicine if his blood sugar levels are still too high.
- have his A1C tested again in 3 months to see if his new plan is working.
who diagnostic criteria for type 2 diabetes mellitus intervention (👍 cramping) | who diagnostic criteria for type 2 diabetes mellitus questions for drhow to who diagnostic criteria for type 2 diabetes mellitus for Things to remember
- Check your blood sugar as many times a day as your health care team suggests.
- Have your A1C checked at least 2 times a year.
- Keep a record of your blood sugar and A1C numbers.
- Take your blood glucose meter and blood sugar record to your visit and show them to your health care team. Tell your health care team how you think you are doing.
- Call your health care team if your blood sugar is often too high or too low.
Work with your health care team and decide what changes you need to make to reach your blood sugar goals.
Download a copy of the NDEP’s Managing and Monitoring Diabetes to learn more about managing diabetes.